The Bird Wide Web™ is an independent, objective survey of birding resources available to anyone with an internet connection and an up-to-date web browser. Sites, apps, downloads, and other online offerings described here are all tested for the broadest compatibility with different devices and operating systems. Nothing on the web is perfect or guaranteed, but due diligence has been done, and suggestions for improvement to this site are always welcome.

January 2020

Naming That Song III

Part 3: Bird Language

Once a bird song has been identified and learned, a reasonable question to ask is, "What is that bird saying?" This turns out to be a very complex question, because the answer, according to Jon Young, the author of What The Robin Knows[1], depends not only on the species that is making the vocalization, but when, where, why, and to whom it is speaking. And that in turn is because the sounds birds make are almost entirely communicative. According to Young and other practitioners and teachers of the craft, "bird language" can be learned.

Conceivably, a dedicated student could go through recordings from the Macaulay Library[2] (described in our February 2019 article), species by species, looking at field notes by the recordists, using Macaulay's extensive search filters and determine which sounds were being being used in which circumstances. And then guess their meanings.

Much easier to visit the archive compiled from recordings by Lang Elliot[3] (more about his work in an upcoming Bird Videos II article, later this year), which is made available on the Bird Language[4] website. Organized both by species and by vocalization type, it's almost the only resource needed to begin learning and to practice listening-in on the conversations which are all around us. For more directed practice, Jon Young offers Bird Language Leader[5] workshops.

"Nature Mentor" Brian Mertens from Canada maintains an online Crow Language Course[6] by subscription, among other learning opportunities. Like Jon, he is an experienced wildlife tracker, for whom avian communications provide invaluable information about what's going on in a given location, as the title of Jon's book indicates. Brian has also uploaded a YouTube channel[7], which includes a number of episodes directed at decoding bird talk. His free downloadable introductory booklet, "What's That Crow Saying?"[8] (a Favorite) let this columnist for the first time hear the incomprehensible cacophony of our local flock as a vast, intense discussion.

One excellent example of Brian's teaching style is his video with accompanying transcript of "Why is That Raven Screaming?"[9] on his website. The list of links at the bottom of that page to some of his other free tutorials is an absolute treasure trove of clues to help answer the question with which this month's column began.


December 2019:

BirdsEye II - The Website

Extensive archive of crowd-sourced photos of global species, of unparalleled ID usefulness.

November 2019:

BirdsEye I - The App

Description of full-featured "bird-finding" app with free version.

October 2019:

Bird Videos

Entertaining and informative videos both about and featuring birds and birding.

September 2019:

eBird II - The Checklists

Exploration of some of the subtleties of the eBird mission(s) and implications for checklists.

August 2019:

eBird I

Introduction to the easily searchable data which eBird offers, including species, range maps, photos, sound samples, and much more.

July 2019:

"Bird-friendly" Products

Description of online products which truly help birds in often unexpected ways.

June 2019:

Birding eBooks

Free eBooks on bird topics, where to get them, and how to read them.

May 2019:

ID Guides

Printable, downloadable pages and charts with bird species and families illustrated.

The Bird Wide Web™ will be publishing a new article each month.

Recent Favorites:

December 2019


November 2019


October 2019


September 2019


August 2019


July 2019


June 2019


May 2019


April 2019


March 2019


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